Sirmaur is the most south-eastern district of Himachal Pradesh. It is largely mountainous and rural, with 90% of its population living in villages. It consists of the foothills of Himalayas, which is Shiwaliks and Middle Himalayas with the heights of the mountains ranging from 300 meters to 3000 meters above sea level. The region is fed by numerous perennial rivers which originate in the glaciers and supply water to the plains throughout the year. Having a mountainous topography, this area is also prone to the incidents of cloud burst and flash flood. As has been seen in other parts of the State, landslides can wipe out entire villages as well as lead to blocking and cutting off of settlements for days from the rest of the state. Due to loose and unconsolidated material any kind of shaking can also trigger landslides or rock falls which also pose a threat to the district.